Browsing by Author "Marinescu, Ion Alexandru"
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- ItemAsistent software de evaluare a utilizabilității aplicațiilor web din domeniul medical(ICI Publishing House, 2019-03-31) Marinescu, Ion Alexandru; Cristescu, Irina; Iordache, Dragoș DanielAccessing information and medical services is a fundamental human right, whether it is provided in the online or in the classical environment. The widespread of internet use has produced a change in the users’ preferences, shifting the attention towards electronic health care or monitoring services provided through medical Web applications. In this context, developers must provide quality information products capable of offering a proper functional framework for accomplishing specified tasks, with a focus on eliminating barriers that may hinder access to people with diminished physical or cognitive capabilities. As the ageing process brings substantial changes in the optimum functioning of a person, people over 65 years old are considered a vulnerable group, prone to isolation. The decline in vision, hearing, memory, cognitive or motor impairment, often leads to a difficult relationship with technology. Hence, the need to design interfaces that meet the specific needs and requirements of this category of users. This paper highlights the implementation phase and the main functions of a software tool dedicated to assist the usability evaluation of healthcare Web applications, in the case of elderly people. This tool supports evaluators in the registration of usability problems and in the collaborative consolidation of the results obtained from the evaluation process.
- ItemConceptual Model of an IoT-based Enhanced Living Environment for Elderly(IBIMA, 2020) Bica, Ovidiu; Marinescu, Ion AlexandruThe world's population is aging and the number of elderly people is constantly growing. Healthcare systems need to be rethought to meet these challenges. With IoT technology, systems for monitoring the health of the elderly can be developed. RO-SmartAgeing, a remote health monitoring system based on IoT, is presented as a case study for the development of a smart living environment for elderly. There is no global standardization yet, thus developers have trouble setting up an efficient way to transmit, store, administer, secure and provide data from this smart environment. An IoT platform would solve these difficulties through the efficient and adequate management of medical devices, implemented with several technologies, protocols, microcontrollers, sensors, actuators belonging to different entities.
- ItemDepth-based human activity recognition: vINCI case study(IEEE, 2020) Băjenaru, Lidia; Dobre, Ciprian; Ciobanu, Radu-Ioan; Dedu, Georgiana; Pantelimon, Silviu-George; Marinescu, Ion Alexandru; Gavrilă, VeronicaThe growing aging of the world's population is leading to the need to take assistance measures and prepare health care systems for the elderly. The innovative vINCI system provides technologies and uses smart devices that can non-invasively monitor the activity of elderly, to intervene in case of alerts, to prevent possible health problems, such as falling, in the same time to keep their life independent and to improve their quality of life. Monitoring physical activity of the elderly with the help of smart cameras is important in identifying one of the most important lifestyle risk factors for many chronic conditions in the older age. In this paper there are presented the microservice-based vINCI architecture and how an Orbbec Persee camera is used to monitor the physical activity as well as to recognize the elderly. The advantages of the monitoring physical activity application consist in detecting a low level of activity or detecting health problems allowing intervention and correction of an unhealthy lifestyle.
- ItemHow can we increase the quality of life in the elderly with neurocognitive disorders using vINCI technology(2019) Drăghici, Rozeta; Herghelegiu, Anna Marie; Prada, Gabriel Ioan; Rusu, Alexandra; Băjenaru, Lidia; Dobre, Ciprian; Ianculescu, Marilena; Marinescu, Ion Alexandru; Tomescu, Mihaela
- ItemIdentifying the Needs of Older People for Personalized Assistive Solutions in Romanian Healthcare System(ICI, 2020-09-30) Băjenaru, Lidia; Marinescu, Ion Alexandru; Dobre, Ciprian; Drăghici, Rozeta; Herghelegiu, Anna Marie; Rusu, AlexandraThe new demographic perspectives lead to the necessity to develop new solutions based on the Internet of Things (IoT) technology, which is designed for the early identification of the health issues of the elderly people and for providing support to them so as to understand the factors that limit their Quality of Life (QoL). An adaptive technology, a personalized intervention and integrated wearable IoT devices have the potential to improve the national healthcare systems, especially the least developed ones, the efficacity of the provided services and thus, the QoL and the wellbeing of the elderly. This paper presents a user-oriented approach to the development of personalised assistive solutions in the field of elderly care, by identifying the needs and preferences of the older adults and translating them into development requirements of the vINCI platform, an ecosystem capable of providing a non-intrusive and personalised monitoring of physical and health parameters. In this regard, prior to the development of vINCI platform, two questionnaires were applied to a group of 62 participants aged 65 years or older without severe impairments, who were admitted as inpatients to “Ana Aslan” National Institute of Gerontology and Geriatrics in Bucharest and 62 formal and informal caregivers, with the purpose of identifying the needs of users. The vINCI technology aims to help the elderly people live independently and provides support for the implementation of preventive measures for healthcare.
- ItemIntegrated support based on IoT technologies for improving the elderly’s quality of life(ICI, 2020-06-30) Băjenaru, Lidia; Marinescu, Ion Alexandru; Dobre, Ciprian; Tomescu, MihaelaThe worldwide increasing pace of population leads to the need to prepare health and social care systems for the elderly. In this context, there are challenges to develop technologies that meet the needs of older adults, to adapt to their cognitive and perceptual decline. The vINCI project develops an integrated and validated Internet of Things (IoT) framework that is able to improve occupational health care by providing monitoring and support to older people. This naturally leads to a better quality of life and an increase in the active aging of system users. This paper presents design considerations for the vINCI monitoring system, features of the technology used, which facilitate the communication, interaction and exploitation of data received from IoT devices. The collected data will be used to build personalized patient monitoring models. vINCI provides a feasible opportunity for older people to independently assess their quality of life and risk factors, as well as to receive direct feedback that would allow them to take appropriate measures to improve their living conditions and prevent unwanted adverse events that may affect their physical and mental health.
- ItemIntelligent solutions - based framework for digital public services. A case study for smart transportation(IEEE, 2019) Ianculescu, Marilena; Băjenaru, Lidia; Marinescu, Ion Alexandru; Dobre CiprianDigital technology landscape is continuously improving, dragging along both the transformation of public services and new demands of citizens. Emerging new technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Deep Learning or Internet of Things provide tremendous means to implement intelligent solutions for reshaping digital public services. This paper aims to disclose the most important features of several intelligent technologies and of these types of public services that can be integrated for providing new capabilities. An AI-based architecture for supporting digital public services in the smart transportation sector is presented in order to demonstrate the highlighted ideas and concepts.
- ItemMonitoring the health of the elderly at home. Smart homes - challenges and trends(ICI, 2020-01-31) Coardoș, Dora; Marinescu, Ion AlexandruThe current demographic changes have led to an investment growth in the development of smart technologies aimed at supporting the current health needs of older peoples, this field being considered of vital importance in the long-term sustainability of national health systems worldwide. In this context, the present paper presents various approaches regarding the smart technologies for elderly monitoring and personalized healthcare at home, based on environmental and / or wearable sensors. The concept of smart homes or personalized smart environment is also presented, like a solution capable of providing through sensor networks, intelligent actuators and information and communications technology, continuous monitoring, from distance, of the general state of health, safety and well-being of the older peoples. The role of smart homes is to diminish the dependence of the elderly on long-term care services provided in a formal (medical, professional etc.) or informal (family, friends etc.) system, enhancing their ability to take care of themselves and carry out the activities necessary to maintain and improve the quality of life, especially on the social and health component. The main challenges that need to be overcome in the large-scale adoption of smart technologies for assisting the care of the elderly and the transformation of housing into smart home, have been also identified.
- ItemShaping the Digital Citizen into a Smart Citizen on the Basis of IoT Capabilities(IEEE, 2019) Alexandru, Adriana; Ianculescu, Marilena; Marinescu, Ion Alexandru; Popescu, Theodor DanNowadays, urban structure is decisively influenced by the global spread of strategies for transforming urban environments into smart cities. The continuous growth of urban population and the digital transformation aim to leverage the changes and opportunities of digital technologies and their impact across society as well as the more empowered and demanding citizens are essential factors in this approach. All activities in smart city are focused on new and smart technologies that address the urban management and governance issues. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)-based solutions enhance the interconnectivity provided by the Internet of Things (IoT) capabilities and embrace the new evolution of citizen empowered in handling information and in resolving complex problems. Accelerated by the innovation process in the public service sector, the digital public services must meet the expectations of the new wave of users that can't anymore dissociate their daily activities from the large-scale use of smart technologies. IoT has already proven to better sustain the sensing and connectivity, becoming thus an efficient tool to address a broader range of qualitative public services and to proactively involve the more demanding citizen. A smart citizen expects new types of digital public services able to support his/her engagement in the streamlining of the decision-making processes at the community, regional or national level. He/she is connected at an enhanced level with the appropriate public authority in order to deliver particular data and information or to demonstrate a personal point of view. In the same time, the public authorities are enabled to process the gathered data and the multi-dimensional insights derived from it, generating afterwards urban improvements, efficiency, or patterns to evolve. This paper highlights the main features of the new emerging smart citizen in the context of the already existing digital citizen and how the IoT has the capability to transform the interaction between the citizen and the public authorities, and the digital public services themselves. A proposed reference architecture of a digital public service based on IoT aims to demonstrate how the capabilities of this expandable technology can meet the new requirements in the specific context of a smart city and citizen.
- ItemSoluție inovatoare pentru promovarea Patrimoniului Literar Românesc(2019) Marinescu, Ion Alexandru; Gavrilă, Veronica; Băjenaru, Lidia; Tomescu, Mihaela
- ItemTowards the development of a personalized healthcare solution for elderly: from user needs to system specifications(IEEE, 2020) Băjenaru, Lidia; Marinescu, Ion Alexandru; Dobre, Ciprian; Prada, Gabriel Ioan; Constantinou, CostasDue to the demographic changes, the demand for care services adapted to the elderly will have an unprecedented growth globally. In this situation, maintaining quality of life (QoL) and wellbeing for older adults will need support of complementary, nontraditional, ICT-based care practices. vINCI project, part of the European research effort in this domain, aims to deliver an integrated technology for the monitoring and instrumentation of the QoL intervention for older adults. The process of designing the vINCI application is based on the patient profile model that will be the input to provide personalized healthcare. The profile is used as evidence to evaluate the impact of vINCI solution on the perceived quality of life provided by caregivers. This paper proposes a complementary approach in modelling the user profile by identifying the needs and preferences of elderly and translating them into development requirements of the vINCI monitoring platform. In this respect, this paper proposes a methodology and methods to define user needs, which are based upon the User Centered Design principles, such as user surveys. The needs survey provides information that is used to specify the needed functional and nonfunctional requirements that vINCI platform must support.