Browsing by Author "Georgescu, Alexandru"
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- ItemA Critical Infrastructure Perspective on the Belt and Road Initiative and its Opportunities and Challenges(Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press, 2019) Mureșan, L.; Georgescu, Alexandru
- ItemA Critical Infrastructure protection Perspective on Counter-Terrorism în South-Eastern Europe(Publishing House Ministry of Defence Republic of Slovenia, 2020) Georgescu, Alexandru; Vevera, Adrian Victor; Cîrnu, Carmen Elena
- ItemAgent-based modeling (ABM)-support for emphasizing the air transport infrastructure dependence on space systems(MDPI, 2019) Bucovețchi, Olga; Georgescu, Alexandru; Badea, Dorel; Stanciu, RaduCritical infrastructure is foundational for the prosperity and quality of life in any society. By definition, its destruction or disruption would cause severe damage and possibly loss of life. Within this understanding, space systems are a new category of critical infrastructure, emerging as an enabler of new applications which are critical within the wider system-of-systems. This paper presents the results of a modeling exercise validating the proof of concept regarding the idea of the global, air-transport-critical infrastructure’s dependence on space systems. By using an open-source application, the authors constructed a complex system made up of 18 airports for which six scenarios were modeled that represent either the exposure to specific space phenomena or the effects of a partial or total critical space infrastructure disruption. Despite the limitations and assumptions made in the building of this model, its results suggest that a significant impact would result from disruptive events, with the potential for cascading disruptions within the system, beyond the system under analysis, and into the wider system-of-systems. Tools such as this model are useful to policy- and decision-makers, not only to protect existing, critical infrastructures, but also to adequately source future risks, vulnerabilities, and threats, and design and build new infrastructures.
- ItemBlockchain and critical infrastructures - challenges and opportunities(ICI Publishing House, 2019-06-30) Georgescu, Alexandru; Cîrnu, Carmen ElenaCritical infrastructures are vital sociotechnical systems whose destruction or disruption would have a significant impact on the functioning of society on multiple levels. Blockchain or distributed ledger technology is a fast-growing technique for disintermediating transactions and exchanges of information in the absence of trust. It is likely that blockchain will eventually be used not only in novelty applications, but also in systemically important critical infrastructures. This article suggests that the obvious advantages that will compel the adoption of blockchain are also accompanied by significant disadvantages and sketches some of the resulting issues. A particular case study is done for SCADA systems.
- ItemCritical Space Infrastructures - new perspectives on space policy(Springer, 2019) Georgescu, Alexandru
- ItemCritical Space Infrastructures - new perspectives on space policy(Springer Nature, 2020) Georgescu, AlexandruSpace systems are a key enabler for a wide variety of applications which have become critical to the functioning of modern societies. This chapter uses the Critical Infrastructure Protection framework to argue that space systems may constitute a new form of critical infrastructure, dubbed Critical Space Infrastructure, and traces the positive impact that such a perspective may have on space security governance. Critical Infrastructure Protection has developed a conceptual toolbox, as well as practical policy prescriptions, which may be of use to policy and decision-makers to increase resilience and meet future space security challenges.
- ItemCritical Space Infrastructures – a comparison to terrestrial CI(IOS Press, 2019) Georgescu, Alexandru; Vevera, Adrian Victor; Cîrnu, Carmen Elena
- ItemCritical Space Infrastructures – a comparison to terrestrial CI(IOS Press, 2020) Georgescu, Alexandru; Vevera, Adrian Victor; Cîrnu, Carmen ElenaSpace systems have become key enablers for a wide variety of applications on Earth through evolving capabilities in navigation, positioning, timing, data gathering and communications. These capabilities have become, in certain instances, critical to the functioning of critical infrastructure systems. These are interconnected sociotechnical systems which provide critical goods and services and whose destruction or disruption would cause significant loss of human life, material damage and other effects. The paper argues that space systems can provide a new category of critical infrastructures and highlights the differences between terrestrial and spaceborne systems from the perspective of the critical infrastructure protection framework.
- ItemCritical Space Infrastructures: Risk, Resilience and Complexity(Springer, 2019) Georgescu, Alexandru; Gheorghe, Adrian V.; Piso, Marius-Ioan; Katina, Polinpapilinho F.
- ItemCyber as a Transformative Element in the Critical Infrastructure Protection Framework(ICI, 2020-06-30) Georgescu, Alexandru; Vevera, Adrian Victor; Cîrnu, Carmen ElenaCritical Infrastructure Protection represents a comprehensive conceptual framework for the management of risks, vulnerabilities and threats arising from interconnected socio-technical systems termed infrastructures. Their criticality stems from the impact which disruption or destruction would have on a society or a region, whether through human and material losses, or of prestige and trust. Cyber has become an important factor in CIP, a crosscutting issue whose ascent has resulted in significant changes. This article argues that the penetration of cyber into almost every facet of human activity has resulted in fundamental structural changes, describes those changes in a systematized manner and theorizes what may happen to security governance under the new status quo.
- ItemIndustry 6.0 – new dimensions for industrial cooperation on the Belt and Road(2019) Georgescu, Alexandru; Cîrnu, Carmen Elena
- ItemPromoting the Belţ and Road Iniţiative and 17 + 1 Cooperation în Central and Eastern Europe, from the Perspective of Central and Eastern European Countries(EIKON Publishing House, 2020) Caba-Maria, Flavius; Georgescu, Alexandru; Mureșan, Liviu; Mușetescu, Radu-Cristian
- ItemRecurrent themes of the transatlantic relations – alternative indicators for National contribution to NATO(2019) Georgescu, AlexandruRecent disputes have divided NATO and have served as a pretext for political confrontation between different Member States, spilling over into non-NATO issues. These disputes were centred on the idea, part technocratic and part moral, of National contribution to collective defence. The two percentage points of GDP that should be allocated have become a leitmotif of equitable burden sharing in the Alliance. This article argues that there are a number of different indicators being proposed that would better serve the interest of informing the public on the sharing of security burdens and details some of them.
- ItemResults from a NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Critical Space Infrastructure(IOS Press, 2019) Muylaert, J.; Georgescu, Alexandru; Tatar, U.
- ItemResults from a NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Critical Space Infrastructure(IOS Press, 2020) Muylaert, Jean; Georgescu, Alexandru; Tatar, Unal; Gheorghe, AdrianThis chapter is based on the discussions derived from the Advanced Research Workshop entitled “Critical Space Infrastructure: From Vulnerabilities and Threats to Resilience.” The recommendations provided regarding vulnerabilities, risks, and resilience of space critical infrastructures.
- ItemThe Proliferation of Cyber Weapons -Theory and Mitigation(ICI Publishing House, 2019-12-20) Georgescu, Alexandru; Vevera, Adrian Victor; Cîrnu, Carmen ElenaCyberspace has been designated by NATO as a new operational domain, but many countries, such as the US, preceded it. Cyber weaponry differs from kinetic weaponry and generate effects through non-kinetic means. Similar to the divide between nuclear weapons and conventional weapons, the availability and potential use of cyber weapons creates new dynamics, constraints and considerations in relations between states. Their usefulness in covert and overt warfare must be balanced with the insecurity they generate in the absence of rules and norms governing their use, which ultimately leads to collective insecurity. The article highlights key considerations on cyber weaponry and discusses the feasibility of non-proliferation efforts.